DISTRICT AGRICULTURE PLAN(C-DAP)- AIZAWL

Aizawl is the most important district of Mizoram is situated between 23° 30‟00"N to 24° 00‟00" N latitude and 92° 30‟00”E to 93° 00‟ 00" E longitude. Aizawl is the capital of the state situated in the western part of the district. It is linked to Silchar (Assam) by NH – 54 covering a distance of about 180 km. The district lacks railway connectivity. However it has air connectivity with Guwahti in Assam and to the metro city of Kolkata. The total geographical area of Aizawl district is 3,46,721 hectare which is about 16 % of the state area of Mizoram.

The district comprises with two agricultural sub-divisions, namely Aizawl HQ and Darlawn. It contains 5 development Blocks namely, Aibawk, Darlawn, Phullen, Thingsulthliah, Tlangnuam and 166 villages. Total population as per 2001 census is 3,43,506 and are predominantly Schedule Tribes.

Aizawl District can be categorized under three agro-climatic zones namely, as Humid mild tropical, Humid – sub- tropical hill and Humid Temperate Sub Alpine. However, Humid Sub-tropical Hill zone is covering major area in the district which has production potential. There are wide variations in climate condition, a distinct micro-climatic variation exist depending upon the 11 altitude, which sharply differs from place to place.

Considering the agro-climatic conditions, the district has feasibility and scope for cultivation of wide variety of crops. The staple food crop is paddy (Rice), maize is secondary. Wide range of fruits, vegetables, Spices, Oilseeds and Pulses are grown. There are plenty of grasslands, wherein livestock rearing is possible due to naturally available fodder. Water harvesting is conveniently done in valleys and lower ridges, which are ideal for "Pisci-culture‟. Irrigation facilities in the forms of river diversion schemes helping in increasing production of various agricultural and horticultural commodities. The land holding pattern of the district reflects dominance of both marginal and small farmers in the district which are found to be in equal proportion. Medium farmers are very negligible and there is no large farmer. Because of the small and fragmented land holding of the farmers, extensive farming as well as use of agricultural machineries like tractor has limited scope.

Priority of the district during IX plan
• Integration of crop husbandry with vegetable and horticultural crops, animal husbandry, mushroom cultivation and other non crop based farming.
• Introduction of appropriate technologies to increase the production and productivity of agriculture and allied sectors.
• Encouraging multiple land use by increasing cropping intensity and intercropping.
• Bridging yield gaps of crops, animals and other enterprises. 12
• Human resources development of rural youths, farm women, other disadvantaged groups and filed staff.
• Conservation and sustainable management of natural resources.
• Enhancement of soil health
• Paradigm shift from production oriented farming to market oriented agriculture with the promotion of Agro processing industries.

Objectives Considering the above situation the present database/information system was developed with the following objectives
• Analysis on the existing farming practices.
• Collection Analysis of secondary data on agriculture and allied sector.
• Identification of production constrains and technological gap.
• Documentation of existing marketing pattern.
• Formulation of strategies and action plan for different agricultural production system to increase productivity.

Strategies for the agriculture development.
• Strengthening the extension machinery for effective dissemination of technology.
• Bridging yield gaps of crops, animals and other enterprises.
• Paradigm shift from production oriented farming to market oriented agriculture with the promotion of Agro processing industries.
• Development of minor irrigation
• Strengthening of rural markets with storage facilities.
• Strengthening of farmers‟ market with additional storage facilities.
• Establishment of cattle feed units. 13
• Integration of crop husbandry with vegetable and horticultural crops, animal husbandry, mushroom cultivation and other non crop based farming.
• Human resources development of rural youths, farm women, other disadvantaged groups and filed staff.

Development of suitable technologies such as varietal improvement, input management supported by a strong institutional arrangements for the supply of inputs like seed, fertilizers, plant protection chemicals, credit, etc, price support system favourable to farmers and market infrastructure for major crops like paddy, maize, sugarcane, banana, vegetables, and fodder crops.
• Encouraging maize as an alternate crop for paddy
• Strengthening water harvesting structures like farm ponds and check dams.
• Reclamation of fallow and degraded lands. Training and exposure visit to the farmers, traders, and other stakeholders on grading, post harvest technologies, value addition and market intelligence.
• Inland fisheries development in major tanks and reservoirs.

Click here to download Aizawl District Plan