OIL PALM DEVELOPMENT PROGRAMME IN MIZORAM (Why Oil Palm in Mizoram)

The rapid increase of land degradation due to jhumming, deforestation, loss of biodiversity and productivity, increasing flood are leading to an ecological crisis affecting livelihood options for Jhumia families. This suggests inter-alia policy to encourage and support plantation of Oil Palm to overcome these constraints. Oil Palm stands as an ideal crop capable of achieving conservation of soil and moisture, repair of degraded land, provide ecological balance, food and security of rural and urban poor. The Government of Mizoram aims to implement and action Programme with an objective of placing Oil Palm as a key component in the plan to generate employment and mitigate environmental degradation and to strengthen the process of Oil Palm Development.

 

In the recent past, the cultivation of Oil Palm had been tried in Assam, Tripura and Mizoram with considerable success. In Mizoram 5,000 Nos. and 7,000 Nos. of seedlings of Oil Palm were planted at Rotlang area of Lunglei District and Thingdawl area of Kolasib District during 1999-2000, respectively, with promising results. The Government of Mizoram has decided to undertake Oil Palm cultivation. The total potential area identified in 7 (seven) Districts of Mizoram comes to 1,01,000 Hectares at low elevation  with gentle slope (25-33%) having favorable Agroclimatic condition.

 

Identification of Oil Palm Potential Area in Mizoram:

Dr.R.M Reddy, Principal Scientist from National Research Centre for Oil Palm (NRC-OP), Andhra Pradesh, who study the suitability of agro climatic conditions and water availability required for Oil Palm cultivation in Mizoram during the month of March 2004 has recommended that, “Climate and Soil condition in southern Mizoram with low elevation and gentle slope are quite suitable for Oil Palm cultivation”. The growth of the existing plants is quite promising. Government of Mizoram has decided to undertake large scale cultivation of Oil Palm from 2004-2005 to start with during Xth Plan Period.

 A high level working group constituted by Government of India under the Chairmanship of Dr. K.L. Chadha have identified Oil Palm Potential areas of 61,000 Ha in Mizoram. In addition to this, the Government of India constituted a committee under the Chairmanship of Dr.P.Rathinam to identify additional areas for Oil Palm plantation. The committee met on 10.10.2011 at NRCOP, Pedavegi (AP) and earmarked an additional area of 40,000 Ha for Mizoram state.

 

OIL PALM IN MIZORAM

 

Government of Mizoram is deeply committed to the economic development of farmers. The Government of India, Ministry of Agriculture and Co-Operation  issued Administrative approval of Oil Palm cultivation under ISOPOM (Integrated Scheme of Oil Seeds, Pulses, Oil Palm & Maize) for the year 2004 – 2005 and the programme is implemented in Mizoram since 2004-2005 sharing of 75:25 between Central and State Government. The Department of Agriculture and Co-operation, Govt. of India launched special programme on Oil Palm Area Expansion (OPAE) under RKVY during 2011-12 and National Mission on Oilseeds and Oil Palm (NMOOP)  from the year 2014-2015.

 

The Mizoram Oil Palm (Regulation of Production & Processing) Act, 2004 was passed in Mizoram Legislative Assembly on 2nd December,2004. The Act contain 26 sections.

  • The Government of Mizoram appointed Secretary, Agriculture Department as Oil Palm Officer to exercise the power and perform the function for implementation of Oil Palm Act.
  • The Government of Mizoram appointed the concerned District Agriculture Officers as Oil Palm Inspector in their respective jurisdiction as required under Oil Palm Act, 2004.
  • As required under Oil Palm Act, 2004, the following Committee is constituted for successful implementation of Oil Palm cultivation in Mizoram –
    1. State Level Oil Palm Advisory Committee.
    2. State Level Standing Committee on National Mission on Oilseeds and Oil Palm (NMOOP)
    3. Project Management Committee.
    4. Price fixation Committee on Oil Palm.
    5. District Level Oil Palm Zonal Committee.
    6. Village Level Oil Palm Growers Association.
  • As required under Oil Palm Act, 2004, the following Committee is constituted for successful implementation of Oil Palm cultivation in Mizoram –
  • Name of Companies                   Areas allotted                           MOU signed on (date)

    1. Godrej Agrovet Ltd.                   Kolasib & Mamit District.                14th Sept,2005

    2. Ruchi Soya Industries Ltd.          Lunglei & Lawngtlai District.           3rd October,2006

    3. 3F Oil Palm Agrotech Pvt. Ltd.    Aizawl, Serchhip & Saiha District.    7th March,2006

The implementing partner Companies have established their own Nurseries in the allotted District with the supervision of the Department. The companies purchased the FFBs produces by the farmers directly at the farmer’s field. The companies are to establish Oil Palm Processing Mill of their own in their allotted Districts.
The Government of Mizoram, Agriculture Department have selected Oil Palm as one of the crops to be cultivated under the New Land use Policy (NLUP) which is a Flagship Programme of the state Government. It is expected that the cultivation of Oil Palm will enhance the income of Farm families and will ultimately result in economic upliftment of the rural poor.

 

Status of Oil Palm cultivation in Mizoram

  • Potential area for Oil Palm cultivation in Mizoram is identified as 1,01,000 Ha.(61,000 Ha. identified by Dr.K.L Chadha Committee + 40,000 Ha. identified by Dr.P.Rathinam Committee)
  • Total area covered under Oil Palm till 2013-14 is 17588 Ha.
  • Target area for 2014 – 2015 is 4000 Ha.
  • Farmers involved in Oil Palm programme: 10800 Nos.
  • Nos. of District covered under Oil Palm: 7 (Seven) Districts (Champhai District is not yet covered).
  •  Nos. of Village covered under Oil Palm: 225 nos.
  • At present rate of FFBs is Rs.5.50 per Kg fixed by Price Fixation Committee.
  • Rate per seedling: Rs.85/- for Exotic seedling & Rs.65/- for Indigenous seedling.

Oil Palm in PPP Mode:

  1. Government
  2. Company
  3. Farmers.

AREA COVERED UNDER OIL PALM IN MIZORAM (YEAR WISE)

Year Name of District Area (in Ha.) Name of the Scheme
Kolasib Lunglei Mamit Serchhip Lawngtlai Aizawl Saiha
2005 - 2006 82 28 - - - - - 110 ISOPOM
2006 - 2007 24 - - - - - - 24 ISOPOM
2007 - 2008 543 15 267 - - - - 825 ISOPOM
2008 - 2009 964 218 476 42 - - - 1,700 ISOPOM
2009 - 2010 997 806 697 342 - - - 2,842 ISOPOM
2010 - 2011 489 500 474 310 105 - - 1,878 ISOPOM
2011 - 2012 478 562 350 250 300 26 - 1,966 OPAE (RKVY)
2012 - 2013 1,039 750 928 327 617 50 - 3,711 OPAE (RKVY)
2013 - 2014 711 852 1,300 381 957 331 - 4,532 OPAE (RKVY)
2014 - 2015 694 927 238 216 570 102 42 2,789 NMOOP
TOTAL 6,021 4,658 4,730 1,868 2,549 509 42 20,377

 

Target area for 2014 - 2015

Sl. No. Name of District Name of Company Area to be covered (in Ha.)
1.
Aizawl
3F Oil Palm Agrotech Pvt. Ltd. 300
2.
Serchhip
200
3.
Saiha
100
4.
Lunglei
Ruchi Soya Industries Limited 1,000
5.
Lawngtlai
1,000
6.
Mamit
Godrej Agrovet Limited. 800
7.
Kolasib
600
  GRAND TOTAL 4,000 Ha.


ESTABLISHMENT OF OIL PALM SEED GARDEN IN MIZORAM

The Department of Agriculture with the consent of Hon’ble Minister of the Agriculture, Government of Mizoram proposed establishment of Seed Garden in Mizoram and with the active participation of DOPR (Directorate of Oil Palm Research Pedavegi), Andhra Pradesh select Chuanchung Ram, West Serzawl, (Mamit District) 17 Km from Lengpui Airport covering more than 50 Ha of free land for seed garden.

Rising of Dura and Pisifera as mother and father palm respectively is started which is expected ready for transplanting in the main field for Hybridization programme in future. Dr. P. Murugesan, Principal Scientist, Hybrid Seed Production Farm Palode, Kerala came to Mizoram on 8th October, 2013 and brought germinated seeds for evaluation purpose and sown 2000 sprouts in the Primary Nursery.

The seed garden is meant to supply quality seed sprout of Oil Palm to various North East states, and also to earn good revenue to the Government of Mizoram by sale of harvested FFB from the plantation. 

 

FRESH FRUIT BUNCHES HARVESTED IN MIZORAM

Name of Company
April 2008 - March 2009
April 2009 - March 2010
April 2010 - March 2011
April 2011 - March 2012
April 2012 - March 2013
Qty. (MT)
Amount (Rs.)
Qty. (MT)
Amount (Rs.)
Qty. (MT)
Amount (Rs.)
Qty. (MT)
Amount (Rs.)
Qty. (MT)
Amount (Rs.)
Godrej Agrovet Ltd.
2.2
7,700.00
10.2
35,700.00
46.772
1,63,702.00
450.896
21,41,757.00
1277.838
60,69,730.50
Ruchi Soya Industries Ltd.
NIL
NIL
NIL
NIL
NIL
NIL
26.26
1,24,735.00
61.359
2,91,455.00
3F Oil Palm Agrotech Ltd.
NIL
NIL
NIL
NIL
NIL
NIL
NIL
NIL
NIL
NIL
TOTAL 2.2 7,700.00 10.2 35,700.00 46.772 1,63,702 477.156 22,66,492.00 1339.197 63,61,185.00

 

Name of Company April 2013 - March 2014
April 2014 - March 2015
April 2015 - June 2015
Qty. (MT)
Amount (Rs.)
Qty. (MT)
Amount (Rs.)
Qty. (MT)
Amount (Rs.)
Godrej Agrovet Ltd.
1526.327
72,50,142.00
2061.939
1,11,16,581.50
1025.413
48,18,770.50
Ruchi Soya Industries Ltd.
29.471
1,39,988
24.9665
1,32,368.00
27.209
1,49,669.00
3F Oil Palm Agrotech Ltd.
1.266
6,013.50
8.791
47,429.00
8.176
44,968.00
TOTAL 1557.064 73,96,143.50 2095.6965 1,12,96,378.50 1060.798 50,13,407.50

 

TOP 10 (Ten) highest producer of Oil Palm Fresh Fruit Bunches in Mizoram (2012 – 2015)

Sl. No. Name of Farmer District Village Quantity (MT)
1.
Ramtinchawma
Mamit Nalzawl 534.813
2.
Thanzauva Chhakchhuak
Kolasib Khamrang 153.032
3.
Zomuansanga
Kolasib Khamrang 151.605
4.
Vanlalthawma Pachuau
Mamit Phaizau 148.305
5.
Zohmingliana
Mamit Bawngva 122.997
6.
Tlanghmingthanga
Mamit Darlak 103.891
7.
Lalchhana
Kolasib Buhchangphai 101.408
8.
Lalhriatpuia Pachuau
Kolasib Khamrang 93.16
9.
Warento
Mamit Nalzawl 90.617
10.
Rotluanga
Mamit Tuidam 90.141

 

Total Product of Godrej + Ruchi + 3F         :           6589.0835 MT
                          Costing Godrej + Ruchi + 3F             :           Rs.325,40,708.00

 

Revision of rate of Fresh Fruit Bunch (FFB):

As per provision made under Section-13 of Mizoram Oil Palm (Regulation of Production and Processing) Act, 2004 and as decided in the 4th Meeting of Price Fixation Committee held on 27th May, 2014 at Agriculture Committee Room, Aizawl, the rate of Oil Palm FFB is fixed at Rs.5.50/- (Rupees five and fifty paise) per Kg at Collection Centres. This new rate will take effect from 1st June, 2014, till further order.

 

Progressive Oil Palm growers-

Mr. Ramtinchawma S/o Lalhuliana(L), Nalzawl, Mamit District is the leading Oil Palm growers in Mizoram. He started planting in 2007 covering the total area of 16 Ha. The plantation is of 7 years old now. Almost all the plant started bearing fruits. He has sold 185 tones of FFBs during 2013 earning ` 8,82,640.00 which was purchased by the Company i.e Godrej Agrovet Ltd at Collection Centre @ ` 5.50 per Kg. This is the highest production of FFBs recorded in the state of Mizoram in a year. The performance of Oil palm in this garden indicates the Oil Palm production potential is available in Mizoram.

  • The highest recorded bunch weight of Oil Palm is 53 kg harvested by Mr.Lalrinliana, Kolasib District.
  • Mr.R.Thansiama, Thingdawl, Kolasib District is amongst the first Oil Palm cultivator in Mizoram under the supervision of Agriculture Department on experimental basis since 2002. The plant started bearing fruits with an average weight of 30-35 Kg per bunch. Government of India’s officials, Director & Scientists of DOPR, Pedavegi visited his land many times.
  • Almost all the Oil Palm growers are small and marginal farmers having Oil Palm plantation in 1 to 2 Ha. of land.
  • Mizoram Oil Palm growers begin to earn from their Oil Palm crop.

OIL PALM PROCESSING UNIT IN MIZORAM

The Government of India has provided support in the form of subsidy to the private entrepreneurs for setting up of Oil Palm processing unit @Rs.250.00 lakh per processing unit for 3 (three) Mills totaling Rs.750.00 lakhs under OPAE (RKVY) during 2011 – 2012. Which were allotted to each partner Company at the rate of Rs.2.5 crore per Mill.  Operational Guidelines have been worked out and circulated to each partner company for setting up of Oil Palm Mill in their respective areas.

 

Proposed location of Oil Palm Mill:

Sl. No Selected Location District Responsible Partner Company
1. Bukvannei Village Kolasib Godrej Agrovet Ltd.
2. Mat Valley Serchhip 3F Oil Palm Agrotech Pvt. Ltd.
3. Rotlang Agril. Farm Lunglei Ruchi Soya Industries Ltd.

 

Godrej Agrovet Limited has completed establishment of Oil Palm Mill at Bukvannei, Kolasib District and started processing FFB at the plant since 14th April, 2014. 

 

Block Demonstration:

  • IIOPR will introduce new intervention for improving Oil Palm productivity in Mizoram through adoption of recommended dose of fertilizers & supplementary irrigation.
  • An interaction meeting of Department Officers and Processors was conducted by Director, IIOPR on 22nd April, 2014 to discuss issues related to ‘Block Demonstration in Oil Palm’ and to work out the operational details.
  • The Programme is to be taken up at Khamrang village of Kolasib District covering 100 ha. Oil Palm plantation.
  • Farmers (21nos) having more of 6(Six)yrs. old Oil Palm garden was  selected to ensure quick visibility of result, which was submitted to IIOPR, Pedavegi.
  • Responsibility for making the fertilizers available at Kolasib would be undertaken by IIOPR.
  • Ms.Godrej Agrovet Ltd. would arrange for transport of fertilizers from Kolasib to farmers field.
  • Demonstration in an area of 100 Ha. to be taken up by IIOPR for consecutive Three years starting from 2014.
  • Yield target for demonstration plots :

Present yield         :         4   tonnes FFB/Ha.

2015 – 2016        :         10 tonnes FFB/Ha.

2016 – 2017        :         15 tonnes FFB/Ha.

2017 – 2018        :         20 tonnes FFB/Ha.

 

OIL PALM PROCESSING UNIT IN MIZORAM

Target Area for 2015 - 2016

Sl. No
District
Area Expansion
Gap Filling
Total

1.

Kolasib

800

235

1035

2.

Mamit

800

100

900

3.

Lunglei

1000

100

1100

4.

Lawngtlai

1000

100

1100

5.

Aizawl

370

15

390

6.

Serchhip

300

50

350

7.

Saiha

100

0

100

 

Total

4,370

600

4,970

 

Target Area for 2016 - 2017

Sl. No
District
Area Expansion
Gap filling
Total

1.

Kolasib

600

240

840

2.

Mamit

800

100

900

3.

Lunglei

1000

150

1150

4.

Lawngtlai

900

100

1000

5.

Aizawl

260

20

280

6.

Serchhip

350

50

400

7.

Saiha

200

5

205

 

Total

4,110

665

4,775

 

Target Area for 2017 - 2018

Sl
No.

District

Area expansion

Gap filling

Total

1.

Kolasib

500

240

740

2.

Mamit

600

100

700

3.

Lunglei

1000

150

1150

4.

Lawngtlai

800

100

900

5.

Aizawl

310

18

328

6.

Serchhip

350

50

400

7.

Saiha

300

7

307

 

Total

3,860

665

4,525

 

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