DISTRICT AGRICULTURE PLAN(C-DAP)-KOLASIB

Kolasib is an important and potential district of Mizoram for agriculture production. It is situated between 24° 00'00"N to 24° 30'00" N latitude and 92° 30'00"E to 93° 00' 00" E longitude. Its district head quarter is also known as Kolasib which is situated in the central part of the district. The District head quarter also known as Kolasib which is located at a distance of 100 Km away from Silchar (Assam) by NH No. 54. No air connectivity in the district. The nearest railway connectivity at Bairabi is 30 km away.

The total geographical area of Kolasib district is 138251 hectare, which is about 15.5% of the state area of Mizoram. The district comprises with two agricultural sub-divisions, namely, Bilkhawthlir and Kolasib agricultural sub-divisions. It contains 2 development Blocks namely, Thingdawl and Bilkhawthlir and 44 villages. Total population as per 2001 census is 64,329 and is predominantly Schedule Tribes. The topography in general is undulant with broken mountainous / hilly ranges and between them lies the valley lands suitable for cultivation of field crops. The hills are suited for Horticultural practices wherever the slopes are gentle/moderate. The soils in hills are rich in humus due to forest cover. However, in abandoned jhum lands the situation is reverse. The soil in general is acidic- pH ranging between 4.5 - 6, deficient in base material, medium in organic carbon, low in available phosphorus and high in potash. The predominant soil taxonomy is Hapladults and Udonthernts wherein moisture retention capacity is very low. Though the District mainly comprises of hilly terrain there are low lying valley lands in few pockets, where altitude is rather low having warm and humid climate facilitating paddy cultivation. In fact, this district has many such rice pockets. The altitude ranges between 36 - 900 meter MSL in the district. The economy of the district is pre-dominantly agarian with more than 60- 65% of the total work force engaged either directly or indirectly in agriculture. However, agriculture still remains under-developed and the primitive practice of Jhum (shifting cultivation) predominates. Both production and productivity are relatively low in rainfed jhum areas in comparison to the WRC areas with irrigation facilities.

Priority setting for the district
● Conservation and sustainable management of natural resources.
●Enhancement of soil health
● Introduction of appropriate technologies to increase the production and productivity of agriculture and allied sectors.
● Encouraging multiple land use by increasing cropping intensity and intercropping.
● Integration of crop husbandry with vegetable and horticultural crops, animal husbandry, mushroom cultivation and other non crop based farming.
● Bridging yield gaps of crops, animals and other enterprises.
● Human resources development of rural youths, farm women, other disadvantaged groups and filed staff.
● Paradigm shift from production oriented farming to market oriented agriculture with the promotion of Agro processing industries.

Objectives : Considering the above situation the present database/information system was developed with the following objectives
● Analysis on the existing farming practices.
● Collection Analysis of secondary data on agriculture and allied sector.
● Identification of production constrains and technological gap.
● Documentation of existing marketing pattern.
● Formulation of strategies and action plan for different agricultural production system to increase productivity.

Expected Outcome
● This document will provide better and clear understanding of prevailing agricultural and allied situations, constrains and existing technological gaps in district.
● This document is put forward to provide an insight to identify the development opportunities and potentialities for employment generation in the field of agriculture and allied sector.
● This document will support the state government to develop agriculture and allied sector and will help in reforming policies and action plans.

Various Interventions and strategies for the agriculture development.
● Integration of crop husbandry with vegetable and horticultural crops, animal husbandry, mushroom cultivation and other non crop based farming.
● Bridging yield gaps of crops, animals and other enterprises.
● Human resources development of rural youths, farm women, other disadvantaged groups and filed staff.
● Paradigm shift from production oriented farming to market oriented agriculture with the promotion of Agro processing industries.
● Development of suitable technologies such as varietal improvement, input management supported by a strong institutional arrangements for the supply of inputs like seed, fertilizers, plant protection chemicals, credit, etc, price support system favorable to farmers and market infrastructure for major crops like paddy, maize, sugarcane, banana, vegetables, and fodder crops.
● Encouraging maize as an alternate crop for paddy
● Development of minor irrigation
● Strengthening water harvesting structures like farm ponds and check dams.
● Reclamation of fallow and degraded lands. Training and exposure visit to the farmers, traders, and other stakeholders on grading, post harvest technologies, value addition and market intelligence.
● Strengthening the extension machinery for effective dissemination of technology.
● Strengthening of rural markets with storage facilities.
● Strengthening of farmers market with additional storage facilities.
● Establishment of cattle feed units.
● Inland fisheries development in major tanks and reservoirs

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