DISTRICT AGRICULTURE PLAN(C-DAP)-LAWNGTLAI
The District is located in the South West part of Mizoram having international boundaries with Bangladesh in the west and Myanmar in the east. Lunglei and Saiha District bounded the district in the north and in the south respectively. Lawngtlai District covered an area of 2557 Sq.Km and it lies between 92.300 - 930 E Longitudes and 21.580 - 22.600 N latitudes. The District headquarters Lawngtlai is connected by National Highway No.54 and it is about 296 Kms from Aizawl.
Lawngtlai district has a pleasant climate. It is generally cool in summer and not very cold in winter. In winter the temperatures varies from 8 degree Celsius to 24 degree Celsius and in summer, it is between 18 degree Celsius and 32 degree Celsius. The western part of the district is lower in elevation compare to the eastern part, and hence it experiences a little warmer climate than the eastern part. Relative humidity is highest during the south-west monsoon and heavy precipitation is usually received during the months from May up to September every year. The average annual rainfall is about 2558mm. The hottest period starts from the month of March up to August every year. During the rainy season, it is usually heavily clouded. There is an increase of cloudiness from March onwards. A clear and cool weather starts appearing from the month of September up to January the next year.
The major land use identified within Lawngtlai District are built up land, Agriculture land. Forest, water bodies and other (current shifting cultivation) wetland rice cultivation is practiced in the flood plain of 7 Chhimtuipui river, Tuichawng river, Ngengpui river and Thega river, river (orya sativa) is the only crop cultivated during the Kharif season. During Rabi season, some vegetable like mustards, cauliflowers etc., are cultivated in small patches of valley field in a scattered manner. Agriculture / Horticulture plantations like Orange, Banana, pineapple etc., have been practiced near habitation in various places.
The following table depict land use pattern in Lawngtlai
District Strategies to Achieve the Objectives of DAP for
�€� Conservation, development and sustainable management of water resources.
�€� Soil health improvement
�€� Popularizing resource conserving technologies.
�€� Encourages multiple land use by increasing cropping intensity and intercropping.
�€� Integration of crop husbandry with vegetable and horticultural crops, animal husbandry, mushroom cultivation and other non crop based farming.
�€� Bridging yield gaps of crops, animals and other enterprises.
�€� Human resources development of rural youths, farm women, other disadvantaged groups and filed staff.
�€� Paradigm shift from production oriented farming to market oriented agriculture with the promotion of Agro processing industries.
�‚� Development of suitable technologies such as varietal improvement, input management supported by a strong institutional arrangements for the supply of inputs like seed, fertilizers, plant protection chemicals, credit, etc, price support system favourable to farmers and market infrastructure for major crops like paddy, maize, sugarcane, banana, vegetables, and fodder crops.
�€� Encouraging maize as an alternate crop for paddy
�€� Development of minor irrigation
�€� Strengthening water harvesting structures like farm ponds and check dams.
�€� Reclamation of fallow and degraded lands.Training and exposure visit to the farmers, traders, and other stakeholders on grading, post harvest technologies, value addition and market intelligence.
�€� Strengthening the extension machinery for effective dissemination of technology.
�€� Strengthening of rural markets with storage facilities.
�€� Strengthening of farmers�€™ market with additional storage facilities.
�€� Establishment of cattle feed units.
�€� Inland fisheries development in major tanks and reservoirs and
�€� Development of sericulture.
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