DISTRICT AGRICULTURE PLAN(C-DAP)-MAMIT
Mamit is a new district of Mizoram with an area of 3025.75 sq km. It is situated in between 23°15/ - 24°15/ N latitude and 92°15/ - 92° 40/E longitude with an altitude ranging from 40 to 1485 m msl. The district is bounded on the north by Hailakandi district of Assam state, on the west by North Tripura district of Tripura state and Bangladesh, on the south by Lunglei district and on the east by Kolasib and Aizawl districts. The district is dissected by few mountain ranges which run parallel to each other in a north-south fashion. The area is characterized mainly by three main ridgelines and intervening valleys and less prominent ridges. In between these, there are plenty of small and short parallel ridges and are classified as linear ridges with places along the main rivers as subdued hillocks. The drainage system of Mamit as a whole is dendritic in nature and the streams are young with deep courses. Mamit district covers an area of 3025 sq. km, which is 14.35% of the total area of the state.
The population density of the district is very less (21 nos. per sq. km.) in comparison to the population density of the state (42 nos. per sq. km.). It has 896 female against per 1000 thousand male population. The district ranks 7th position in literacy the state (88.8%).
Mamit district receives adequate amount of rainfall during the monsoon season as it comes under the direct influence of South West Monsoon and it received 3159.63mm average rainfall during 2007.
The major cereal crops grown in the district are rice (3931 ha) and maize (380 ha) with an annual production of 974 MT and 39 MT respectively. The area under rice cultivation in the district was 7.21% of the state (54,541ha) with an annual productivity of 0.24 MT/ ha, while the area under maize cultivation was 5.19% of the state (7,328 ha) with an annual productivity of 0.10 MT/ha. Rice, both early and late variety are mostly cultivated in the jhum field (upland) occupying a total area of 3758 ha and low land rice cultivation (WRC) occupies an area of 173 ha. Maize is mostly cultivated on upland areas. Upland or rainfed rice cultivation is mostly located in the gentle sloping land. Wet Rice Cultivation (WRC) is located in the low lying plain areas in the district. Prominent WRC areas are found in Lushaichherra, Moraichhera, Bungthuam, Zawlnuam (north-western part of the district), and tapers towards the center of the district at Bawngva, Darlak, Nalzawl and Tuirum areas. It covers an area of 12.99 Sq. km, which accounts 0.43 % of the total area of the district. Terrace/ Bench cultivation of rice is practiced on the hill slopes. Terraces are built manually on the hill slopes, slopping inward to check excessive run-off. The major pulse-crops grown in the district are Rice bean (kharif), Arhar (kharif), Field Pea (rabi), Cow Pea (kharif & Rabi) and French bean (rabi). The district has total pulse production of 208 MT in an area of 355ha during the year 2007-2008. Oil seed crop like soybean, sesamum and rapeseed and mustard are grown in 734 ha area with the total production of 127 MT during 2007- 2008. Among the oil seed crops, sesamum is mostly (634 ha) grown in Mamit district with a total production of 79 MT. Seeds from the previous crops are generally kept for raising the next season crops. Farmer selects crop with 1 2 good vigor and growth for seed production and harvest it separately at maturity.
Crop productivity in Mamit district is very low. This may be attributed to the unproductive jhum. More than half of the farming families do not produce enough food to support them and are forced to depend wholly or partly on rice procured from other states by the state government and it is supplied at subsidized rates. The traditional method of Paddy cultivation in the hill slopes, commonly known as "Jhuming" has been practiced from the time immemorial in Mizoram. Mizoram has unique diversity of agro-climatic condition, altitudinal variation and well distributed rainfall, which is highly conducive for cultivation of wide range of horticultural crops covering fruits, vegetables, plantation crops, flowers, aromatic and medicinal plants.
Mamit district has got very good potential for production of horticultural crops. Its hilly terrain and climatic situation is very suitable for production of horticultural crops. The district has an area of 10385.74 ha under horticultural crop production. Out of this total area 5230.74ha is in bearing and 5155.00 ha in new plantation or non bearing. Presently the district is producing 23496.99 MT of horticultural crops with a productivity of 4.28 MT/ha. Fruit crops are commonly grown in the district and it covers an area of 4779.00 ha (46.02%) fallowed by plantation crops 3604 ha (34.70%), vegetable crops 1032.70 ha (9.94%) and spices 950Ha (9.15%). Potato and flowers have very meager area only 18 ha and 2.02 ha, respectively. Plantation crops have maximum bearing area 1931Ha but production is only 4794 MT due to low productivity 2.48 MT/ha. Fruit crops has maximum production 8193.20MT fallowed by spices 7747.02 MT, while flower and potato have lowest production. Spices has the highest productivity (8.15 MT/Ha) fallowed by fruits (5.27MT/Ha) and vegetables (2.65MT/Ha) while potato has the lowest productivity (1.33MT/Ha).
Strategies to Achieve the Objectives of DAP for Mamit District
● Conservation, development and sustainable management of water resources.
●Soil health improvement
● Popularizing resource conserving technologies.
●Encourages multiple land use by increasing cropping intensity and intercropping.
● Integration of crop husbandry with vegetable and horticultural crops, animal husbandry, mushroom cultivation and other non crop based farming.
● Bridging yield gaps of crops, animals and other enterprises.
● Human resources development of rural youths, farm women, other disadvantaged groups and filed staff.
● Paradigm shift from production oriented farming to market oriented agriculture with the promotion of Agro processing industries.
● Development of suitable technologies such as varietal improvement, input management supported by a strong institutional arrangements for the supply of inputs like seed, fertilizers, plant protection chemicals, credit, etc, price support system favourable to farmers and market infrastructure for major crops like paddy, maize, sugarcane, banana, vegetables, and fodder crops.
● Encouraging maize as an alternate crop for paddy
● Development of minor irrigation
● Strengthening water harvesting structures like farm ponds and check dams.
● Reclamation of fallow and degraded lands. Training and exposure visit to the farmers, traders, and other stakeholders on grading, post harvest technologies, value addition and market intelligence.
●Strengthening the extension machinery for effective dissemination of technology.
● Strengthening of rural markets with storage facilities.
● Strengthening of farmers market with additional storage facilities.
● Establishment of cattle feed units.
● Inland fisheries development in major tanks and reservoirs and
●Development of sericulture.