RASHTRIYA KRISHI VIKAS YOJANA(RKVY)
India occupies 2% of the world geographical area and 16% of its population. At the time of independence, the country had a total population of 350 million and produced only 51 million
tones of food grain. Today, population has crossed 1 billion marks and food grain production has increased to 230.67 million
tones (2007-08). But the agricultural productivity world over has hit a plateau, whereas, Indian scenario is different. Apart from the flattening of yields over the past two decades, our average productivity also lies below the optimum level. The growth spurt ignited by the green revolution in the 1970 is now seeing diminishing returns to technology. Again the North Eastern state like Mizoram, the situation is completely different. Most of the people observe the state as organic “by default”. In the last 30 years the state has not been able to do any remarkable job in the field of agriculture, especially for attaining independency in food supply. At the same time the population of the state is growing very fast and the last decadal growth rate was 28.82 %. So, in this current global scenario policy makers have to rethink on the long term basis for the development of agriculture of the state. Another fact is that the crisis for food is going to increase in other parts of the country with the increasing population pressure. Therefore, we need to be independent in our food grain production.
The economic reforms commenced in 1991 has successfully put the economy in a higher growth orbit with more than 8 percent growth rate in total Gross Domestic Product (GDP) especially during the recent years. However, the agriculture sector which accounted for more than 30 percent of total GDP at the beginning of reforms failed to maintain its pre-reform growth. On the contrary, it witnessed a sharp declining in growth after the mid 1990s as the per annum growth in agriculture sector dropped to 1.9 percent during 1996-97 to 2001-2002 from 3.2 percent in the period 1980-81 to 1995-1996. This happened despite the fact that agricultural productivity in most of the States was quite low, as it were, and the potential for the growth of agriculture was high. The Tenth five year plan target of growth of 4 percent per annum in agriculture and allied sectors, set to reverse the sharp declining of 1996-1997 to 2001-2002 has not been achieved. A sustained and wide spread agricultural growth is a precondition of development in India as more than 50 percent of country’s work fare still depends upon agri. for its livelihood. This slow growth in agriculture (including allied sectors) can be of great strain for the economy. Concerned over this pace of growth in
agriculture and allied sectors, the National Development Council (NDC), in its meeting held on 29th May, 2007 resolved that a special Additional Central Assistance Scheme i.e. National Agriculture Development Programme/ Rastriya Krishi Vikas Yojana (RKVY) be launched
with following main objectives .
The main objectives of the scheme are:
► To stimulate the States for increasing public investment in agriculture and allied sectors
► To ensure that agricultural plans of Districts/States are prepared and are based on agro- climatic conditions, availability of technology and natural resources.
► To reduce the yield gap in important crops and increase production and productivity in agriculture and allied sectors through forcused and holistic initiatives.
► To ensure that local needs/crops/priorities are better reflected in the agricultural plans of the Districts/States.
► To provide flexibility and autonomy to States in planning and implementation of agriculture and allied sector schemes.
► To maximize income of farmers in agriculture and allied sectors.
The eligibility for assistance from the Centre under the scheme would depend upon the State Government providing amounts in the Plan Budget of the State for agriculture and allied sectors over the baseline expenditure.
As per the NDC resolution Government of India introduced a new Additional Central Assistance Scheme to
incentivize States to draw up plans for their agriculture sector more comprehensively, taking agro-climatic conditions, natural resource issues and technology into account, and integrating livestock, poultry and fisheries etc. This involves a new scheme for Additional Central Assistance (ACA) to State Plans, administered by the Union ministry of Agriculture over and above its existing centrally sponsored schemes, to supplement the state-specific strategies. In order to rejuvenate the agriculture during XIth plan a growth rate of 4 percent per annum has to be achieved (as per NDC commitment) by reorienting development strategies that meet the needs of the farmers. The agriculture growth being essential element of the strategy of making growth more inclusive, the NDC advised the State Governments on preparation of Comprehensive District Agriculture Plans (C-DAP) which includes allied agriculture sectors with full and efficient utilization of available resources. The concept of integrated local area plans (to raise living standard in rural area and over come food shortage) based on specific endowments and needs of each area mooted in 1st Five year plan in 1951, could not be materialized in true sense as only sporadic efforts and isolated cases of such planning were practically attempted. For success of local area or District level plans the underlying constraints needed to be identified and required infrastructural investment, extension (and research system) revamping and market reach with the system’s conduct and performance have to be synchronized through a holistic policy approach. Keeping this in view the C-DAP of district Mamit is prepared for achieving sustainable agricultural growth with improved farmers’ income through participatory process involving stakeholders and various organizations. By establishing strong linkages with required institutional support services the plan will ensure optimum utilization of scarce physical and financial resources. The Agriculture in the district can’t possibly achieve same growth as in the past without recognizing the role of farmers’ participatory approach for formulating strategies and finding solution to new and emerging problems.
Click here to view Aizawl District Plan
Click here to view Kolasib District Plan
Click here to view Lunglei District Plan
Click here to view Lawngtlai District Plan
Click here to view Champhai District Plan
Click here to view Mamit District Plan
Click here to view Saiha District Plan
Click here to view Serchhip District Plan