State Agriculture Plan
Concerned by the slow growth in the agriculture and allied sectors, the National Development Council (NDC) resolved that a special Additional Central Assistance Scheme, named Rashtriya Krishi Vikas Yojana (RKVY) be launched. To implement this, formulation of action plans by means of developing District Agriculture Plans (DAP) is recommended. Subsequently, a comprehensive State Agriculture Plan (SAP) have prepared by integrating the C-DAPs.
The major areas of focus were integrated development of major food crops like paddy, coarse cereals, minor millets, pulses and oilseeds; Agriculture mechanization; Strengthening of Market Infrastructure and Marketing Development; Activities relating to enhancement of Horticultural Production and Popularization of Micro Irrigation Systems; Sericulture Development; and Animal Husbandry and Fisheries Development activities.
A series of meetings was held at the state as well district head quarter to discuss the various components of the District Agriculture Plan in the presence of line department officials and experts. The feedback received in the Meetings was incorporated in the District Agriculture Plan.
This landlocked area is bounded by foreign countries on all sides except for a small stretch that rubs shoulder with Assam, Manipur and Tripura. Its International border, which is about 722 km, is almost 3 times longer than its border with the mainland. The State gets an average annual rainfall of more than 2445mm and that too in a concentrated period of 6 months resulting in the working season in a year greatly restricted. At the same time, surface sub-soil being highly porous, it’s retentively of water is low. Consequently, the State faces the unique paradoxical problem of scarcity of water in the midst of plenty. As per 2001 Census the total population of the State is 8.89 lakhs. The decadal growth rate (1991-2001) is 28.8 percent. Density of population according to 2001 Census is 42 persons per Sq.km. There are more than 1.76 lakhs households. Vast majority of the population are scheduled tribe – the percentage being 94.50. More than 50% of the total population lives in over 700 villages. The State’s economy is pre-dominantly agricultural with more than 60% of the total work force engaged either directly or indirectly in agriculture. However, agriculture still remains under-developed and the primitive method of jhum (shifting cultivation) predominates. Both production and productivity are relatively low. Of the total area, only 21 percent is put on the paddy/seasonal crops. As high as 63 percent of the total crop area is under jhum cultivation. According to the departmental figure of 2007- 2008 total production of paddy stood at 15688 lakhs MT. During the same year the area under fruits was a little more than 21559The forest production is mainly timber, bamboo, broom-sticks etc. The forest are continuously under great pressure of shifting cultivation. Although in the field of education Mizoram has made tremendous progress over the years, which pushed up the literacy level, percentage of literacy being nearly 88.50%, (next only to Kerala). In pure statistical terms it is a big achievement, but qualitatively the picture is not that bright because nearly 60% of the educated population are unskilled and only 10% of the total work force are reportedly skilled. This is one grey area which has to be taken care of urgently. The State has 8 Administrative Districts and 24 Development Blocks.
Methodology Adopted for Preparation of C-DAPs and SAP
The preparation of the District Agriculture Plan (DAP) is thus an elaborate, exhaustive and integrative process and therefore every care is taken in ensuring that the DAPs are properly and comprehensively made. The task of preparing such District Agriculture Plan was carried by the District Agriculture Office, in Coordination with DAPU, BAPU and with the village level units. The consultation was also carried with the officials of Department Horticulture, Agricultural Engineering, Marketing, Animal Husbandry and Fisheries, Seed certification, soil conservation, sericulture, agriculture marketing, PWD etc. In what follows, the procedure adopted to prepare the plan is discussed. The State Agricultural Plan (SAP) was prepared by consolidating all the eight district agricultural plans with overall objective of accelerating agriculture and allied sectors over a period of time. This plan paves ways to stimulating various activities which contributing expected growth in the long run.
Objectives of SAP
Considering the above situation the present database/information system was developed with the following objectives
- Analysis on the existing farming practices.
- Collection and analysis of secondary data on agriculture and allied sector.
- Identification of production constrains and technological gap.
- Documentation of existing marketing pattern.
- Formulation of strategies and action plan for different agricultural production system to increase productivity.
- This document will provide better and clear understanding of prevailing agricultural and allied sector’s present status, constrains and existing technological gaps in district.
- This document is put forward to provide an insight to identify the development opportunities and potentialities for employment generation in the field of agriculture and allied sector.
- This document will support the state government to develop agriculture and allied sector and will help in reforming policies and action plans.